The International Writers Magazine: 21st century Capitalism
- a new start
capitalism would provide endless opportunities for ideas and entrepeneurship
- regardless of ethnicity- ok, it would still take some work,
but its a step in the right direction
think too dualistically. There are people who feel that any good things
said about capitalism are evidence of a cold Simon Legreevian heart,
while there are those that bristle over the pointing out of capitalisms
manifest failures. The truth is that capitalism, as a system, has failed
so convincingly that there really & truly are no capitalistic states
in the world. And by that I dont mean the sort of social-capitalism
that most of Europe embraces. The fact is that there is no such thing
as a free market. The idea that there is an invisible hand
controlling things for the betterment of all is such specious reasoning
as to be laughable.
Nostrums like A rising tide lifts all ships. are hard to
say with a straight face to the millions of middle class Americans who
have seen their real buying power slip since its peak in the early 1970s-
not to mention the pockets of near-eternal poverty that line inner urban
areas, Appalachia, the fields of rural migrancy, and growing pockets
of smaller Midwestern towns.
The problem, which is complex, can be boiled down not to the standard
complaint that more government programs are needed, nor the knowingly
suspect cries of class warfare from the rich whenever manifest
inequities are pointed out, nor even the seemingly sane - but wholly
disingenuous - calls for bootstrapping that echo through
the vacuous halls of power whenever the plights of American serfdom
rear their heads. Instead, a simpler and far more fair way to truly
bring out the best theoretical points of capitalism is to have a government
devoted to leveling the playing field for all participants, and enforcing
the rules vigorously.
Although she will probably get off, prosecuting the arrogant Martha
Stewarts' of the world for insider trading, is a small step in the right
direction, although we all know were she just another unknown grey
suit the case against her would never have been brought or quickly
settled with a penalty and probation. This is an example of the government
doing the right thing for the wrong reason. But, imagine if the government
truly did care about enforcing the rules of the game of
By this I mean to assert that being anti-corporate is in no way equivalent
to being anti-capitalistic. Who amongst us would begrudge a Thomas Edison
or Walt Disney from becoming rich? These men contributed ideas and things
that most would agree have profited all. The problem comes in with the
Andrew Carnegies or Bill Gates' of the world- people who contributed
nothing of lasting value, merely took off with others ideas, then
began ruthless campaigns to bully and terrorize their ways to monopolies-
only to later assuage their guilt by excessive largesses.
True capitalism would provide endless opportunities for ideas and entrepeneurship
- regardless of ethnicity- ok, it would still take some work, but its
a step in the right direction. False capitalism, as is currently practiced
in the USA, rewards the Robber Baron mindset which feeds oppression
by ceding monopoly or oligopoly status to a precious few who have succeeded
through illegal tactics, inside information, or just having the right
connections with people in power - you got it, the monied WASP powerbrokers
of yore and now. Everyone, regardless of background or outlook, knows
that this is the current state of affairs, yet calls for its demolition
are routinely and easily rebuffed, mainly because the voiced opposition
to the current crooked system are usually extremist neo-communists and/or
anarchists whose own views are so callow and downright silly that they
are easily marginalized by the monied junta.
What I am suggesting is that a leveled playing field that will reward
the best ideas in a meritocratic fashion is best for all in this society,
and globally. History is littered with great ideas that were never executed,
or smothered in the crib, simply because a small few felt their secluded
world threatened if others were to profit as they or - more likely -
some dusty predecessor of theirs did.
So, how to achieve
Step 1 would entail the Federal government
severely curtailing corporate power by establishing percent limits on
how much of a market can be controlled by one company. When Microsoft,
as example, hits say 20%, time to break it up. Write it into law - no
ifs, ands, or buts. Instead of this strategy the exact opposite has
occurred in telecommunications, television, radio, and many other industries.
The result - especially evident in radio - is a homogenization of thought
and voices. Does anyone really believe that knee-jerk conservatism is
really the default state for 90% of Americans, as portrayed on talk
Ok, so Ive told you step 1. It's never gonna happen without a
violent revolution; the rich will toss a few bones and the masses bellies
will fill with submissive silence. Let me propose a way to achieve this
that seems counterintuitive but makes sense. American politics is moved
not by ideas, but emotions. People will vote against unfairness not
by logically deducing it - but by feeling it through direct suffering
How to invoke empathy?
Step 2 - I think by scrapping Federal laws
against capping election campaign contributions.
WHAT? That will only make the system more unfair than it is! You would
be correct if my proposal stopped there. Along with letting anyone contribute
any amount they want make it a Federal law that ALL campaign contributions
must be disclosed to the IRS, as well as posted on the home page of
each candidates website. Listed information must include the amount
of the contribution, the date it was made, the name of the contributor
and any organization they work for or with, and the number of times
and dates that those contributors have been allowed extended meetings
with the candidate. This way all candidates will de facto be walking
advertisements for their potential masters. Instead of Joe Smith vs.
Alan Wilson the voters will know that they have to choose between the
servant of an eccentric anti-abortion activist and a pro-Fundamentalist
religious PAC and a serf of Wal-Mart, Enron, and Filipino bankers.
How will this help? It will allow 3rd and 4th parties to develop, because
your average American voter will fundamentally see how unfair the system
stacks up against their wishes. This will be a vivid and visceral way
to outrage the majority of voters who are currently blissfully unaware
of the futility of the current system. This will allow 3rd party candidates
to legitimately point to their lack of endebtedness to interests that
serve the public ill. Also, the other side of that coin will mean that
politics will become less of a millionaires club- especially on the
Federal level. Smaller party and independent candidates will be more
easily able to get backing on the strength of their ideas, especially
once a name brand candidates leashes are known.
This will mean meritocracy in ideas will replace financial connectedness
as the core reason someone wins an election. As currently constituted
only the privately wealthy are able to opt out of the campaign finance
restrictions imposed when a candidate- usually the poorer funded one-
needs to go on the public dole to run their race. Full disclosure, enforced
with zeal, is the best way to level the playing field, spread the millions
wasted out to smarter candidates, and - as an additional bonus- stop
the taxpayers from financing the cult of the lie, as practiced by politicians.
Only eliminating the NEA might be a more cost-effective way of curtailing
public waste on bad ideas.
Of course, the key to making step 2 work is to have zealous enforcement
of full disclosure. This is the hardest part. As proof, I cite the cutback
in IRS auditors over the last 20 years. Before Reagan the rich- individuals
and corporations- had to be far more scrupulous in their reportage of
income, because there were upwards of 20,000 auditors devoted to checking
tax returns- usually of the more affluent. Now, with a larger population-
in general and with wealth- there are only about half as many tax auditors.
This has been a deliberate act as Republicans have spent the years chipping
away at the IRSs power. Furthermore, in the 1990s, the IRS was
further handcuffed by the introduction of a government policy to dismiss
IRS auditors who violated the civil rights of citizens. Of course, this
was a bonanza for the rich. Even the slightest intimation of delving
deeper than a standard tax form would result in a call from a lawyer
threatening a civil rights suit against the IRS. The result? Predictably,
the IRS has focused its audits on the middle class- whenever it audits
at all - because they are less likely to know of this civil rights
option, nor have the means to carry through a lawsuit.
Ok, step 1 is breaking up monopolies and cartels. Step 2 is how to achieve
that by full and enforced disclosure of campaign contributions while
removing limits on contributions. Both of these ideas will allow people
with good ideas, but little capital, to succeed where currently the
corporate monsters can bully and harass dissenters to silence.
Step 3 will have to follow steps 1 and 2,
because it will be unachievable until the unfairness of corporate power
is exposed, curtailed, and public sentiment has turned. This step would
be to put caps on the amount of write-offs companies are allowed.
For example, a company that may have made $10 million in profits last
year knows that it will have to pay taxes on that profit. What to do?
Of course, being a good citizen is not an option because corporations
are just mythical entities, anyway. The solution is to give out $1 million
bonuses to the 12 board members. Since this constitutes compensation
to an employee, guess what? Now the company has LOST $2 million this
year, and can write off its loss. You and I cannot do that, but its
perfectly legal. No need to even call in an auditor who will be cowed,
How to solve this? Well, with public opinion now on the side of reform,
use the fairness club with zeal and expose these ways corporations
avoid their fair share. You can put a cap on management compensation.
Forget tying it to a companys performance since numbers can be
whores. Instead, allow a CEO to be totally compensated (meaning all
bonuses, stock options, salaries and other income for tax purposes-
and be able to write off) a salary that is no more than 10 times the
wage of their lowest full time worker, or six times the median or average
salary- whichever is higher. If the lowest paid worker makes $15,000
a year and the median or average non-management employee makes $30,000
a year this would allow the CEO to write off either $150,000 of their
salary or $180,000- according to this formula. Similar scales can be
determined for lower ranking management people and board members. If
the CEO wants to write off more, he has to raise the wages of his employees.
Of course, the management can still gift themselves with huge bonuses,
as in the above example - the difference would be that they would still
have to pay taxes on the $10 million profit, as well.
Perhaps the most egregious and flagrant violations of this attempt to
avoid taxes comes from the CEOs of the corporations themselves. Recently
the CEO of United Airlines, Glen Tilton, violated the terms of a retirement
package he signed off on, to get older higher waged employees to retire
earlier, to help UAL out of a bankruptcy caused by mismanagement. This
produced a media backlash when it was revealed that none of the pain
of the bankruptcy was shared by Tilton. Instead, his compensation kept
coming- most of it in Executive Deferred Compensation. Whats that?
Say a CEO, or any lower executive, has a choice to receive $100,000
immediately or defer it for a year, with 10% pre-tax interest credited
on the deferral. Say hes paying a top tax rate of 35%. Now, if
the CEO chooses the deferral, the $110,000 payment at the end of the
year will equal $71,500 after taxes vs. the $65,000 hedve
gotten without deferral. Even an ungodly return rate of 10% for a years
investment would only even out the compensation to $71,500- but thats
before taxes on the interest. Even investing his own money will likely
not generate the same amount of cash that deferral does. Of course,
thats assuming that the deferred compensation is credited to a
U.S. bank. If the CEO chooses a bank in Switzerland or the Bahamas-
guess what? All he has to pay are incidental bank custodial fees. The
deferral is totally tax free cash - lump sum and interest! Now, not
that the corporations do not elide their fair share of taxes in myriad
other ways, but the company will turn around and say - hey, we lost
$100,000 in tax deductions, therefore we have to pay more in taxes.
Guess where they will turn to make up the loss crated by
the CEO deferral? You got it - employee wages, pensions, or medical
care. In a very real sense the lowest people on the corporate totem
pole finance the deferred already grotesque compensations of their bosses,
who often dont pat a penny of that back in taxes.
This was the case at United, which wrung over $2.5 billion in union
concessions to help the company through bankruptcy. The
management at United only suffered through cosmetic pains
during the bankruptcy. CEO Tilton, for instance, last year received
undisclosed amounts of deferred pay, a $3 million annual bonus, $4.5
million in pension benefits, 1,150,000 shares of stock options, but
he did agree to share the pain by cutting his million dollar
a year base salary to just under $900k. What a trooper!
Just go Googling and you will see that Tilton was not just typical of
the pigs at the CEO trough, but was in fact one of the slimmer swine.
In 2000, AT&T CEO Mike Armstrong received almost $15 million in
total compensation - excluding undisclosed deferred payments. What had
he done to receive this largess? He boasted that AT&T paid nearly
$4 billion in taxes nationwide, yet was sheepish when revealing that
the company received $4.9 billion in US taxpayer aid to
help AT&T compete in the Far East telecom market. In
effect, you and I financed the largest American telecom company by nearly
$900 million. The result for taxpayers investment?
Did AT&T expand its US workforce? No, the company bought up Asian
cable companies whose equipment was outdated. The money poured into
updating those systems floored AT&Ts stock price, forcing
the company to be split into four separate companies, which were gobbled
up by assorted other companies, leaving the original company shrunken,
vulnerable, with large portions of its work now outsourced to make up
for mismanagement, and an announcement recently that they would cut
another 4600 jobs from their payroll. This was all put in to play on
Armstrongs watch. the disaster netted him his compensation plus
the CEOs chair at the combined AT&T-Comcast cable company.
The taxpayers were left with nothing for their massive aid
but a smaller taxpayer base, and larger share of the burden of the aid
and unemployment payouts, due to the thousands of unemployed workers
AT&T left in its taxpayer funded implosion.
This is typical of the ravages of deferred compensation, where workers
are basically asked to finance their way to the poorhouse when the management
begins raiding pension plans and demanding workers pay more and more
for their medical insurance.
How to fix things?
1: total disclosure of total management compensation (including deferrals)
to shareholders by requiring each companys website to gave an
easily referenced page with this information, and that of costs for
employee pensions and health care expenses. Now companies roll in the
costs of executive deferrals with their employee pension costs - which
makes companies seem more devoted to their workers future than
they are, while hiding the true cost to shareholders, employees,
and taxpayers of executive deferrals.
2: putting all executive compensation up to a vote by all the companys
shareholders, not just an elite board of executives. This would increase
fairness, eliminate waste, and lead to better decision making all around.
3: diversify board members by allowing people to sit on only one other
board than their own companys. This would also allow new ideas
to be heard. I will pick up this point for another reason in a bit.
There should also be tax penalties assessed for companies that outsource
work to exploitative conditions on foreign soil. All companies should
then be, by law, and like their political cronies, be forced to- on
their companies home pages- list all of the offices and companies
that they still outsource to, assuming the tax penalties are not enough
to dissuade them to stop that vile practice. For those who would argue
that outsourcing is ultimately good, one need only point to the NAFTA
disaster. Ever notice why those who backed its passage a decade ago
NEVER speak of it nowadays? Others argue that outsourcing gets rid of
dead end jobs and that newer high end jobs will be better. But, if my
steps are followed, by step 3 the unleashing of ideas in the free market
and the political arena will have created more opportunities anyway,
so those people who are in dead end jobs now will flock
to the better jobs and those dead end jobs will now be able to go to
the most impoverished and unemployed Americans, not foreign labor.
Step 4 is really
a continuation of step 3 and the 3rd point about execurive deferred
compensation. Limit the number of corporate boards a person can sit
on to just one, outside of their employer. Why? Because not only will
this allow a closer scrutiny of executive deferrals, but tit will also
allow excluded potential board members access to decisions that affect
their lives. Its called democracy. This would include members
of minority groups, women, and organized labor. The cry will be - 'but
there are not enough qualified decision makers'. Utter elitist nonsense.
The poor decisions of the last 20 years have been made by the greed
and stupidity of college educated CEOs and boards. Anyone flipping a
coin could have steered most corporations better than these elitists
who preyed upon and ruined many a company due to their own myopia and
greed. I guarantee you I could take any housewife, or unemployed 25
year old black man, give them that coin, and they would fare better
than most corporations.
By limiting corporate board participation the excluded majority of Americans
would have a true seat at the grown ups table.
None of what Ive proposed is revolutionary- but evolutionary.
It also is achievable by appealing to the common American ethic of fairness,
and using visceral emotion- not cold logic- to affect change.
As things are now, much of what I am saying would be denied by corporations-
for they have no pressure to reveal the truth, but 20 years with the
sharks and I know I am correct.
Real world communism is a fundamentally flawed idea because it appeals
to human sloth. The old Soviet canard was, They pretend to pay
us and we pretend to work. Real world capitalism is fundamentally
flawed because it appeals to human greed. But both have potential good
points in their theoretical modes. Communism can promote altruism and
the greater good while capitalism can promote meritocracy. Most Americans,
and humans, want to be treated fairly and see others treated fairly.
There is a visceral reaction against basic unfairness that extends back
to our primate ancestors. An example of that in modern society is the
misinterpreted notion that people do not like paying their taxes. Thats
untrue as most people like getting the services government provides.
The rub is that people like fairness in their taxes - not only in what
they (and others) pay but how and what their taxes are spent on - and
how effectively. If people feel they are getting a fair return they
are far more willing to pay high taxes.
To end, these proposals all intend to do one thing, fix what ails capitalism
with its own professed medicine. There need be no bloodshed, nor continued
unfairness. One can be pro-capitalism without being anti-worker, and
one can be anti-corporate without being anti-capitalistic. Anyone who
tells you differently is a dualistic dullard, has something to hide,
© Dan Schneider March 1st 2004
The Best in Poetica seeks great poems & essays!
Stossel: Pro or Con Man?
all rights reserved